Parametric study on taper-ended tubular solid propellant grains / Mahmoud Y. M. Ahmed

Y. M. Ahmed, Mahmoud (2019) Parametric study on taper-ended tubular solid propellant grains / Mahmoud Y. M. Ahmed. Journal of Mechanical Engineering (JMechE), 16 (1). pp. 79-98. ISSN 1823-5514 ; 2550-164X


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design of the solid propellant grain is a decisive aspect of the solid propellant rocket motor performance. Tubular grain design is a favorable design since it produces a high neutral (time-invariable) thrust-time profile. However, neutrality of tubular grains deteriorates as the aspect ratio of the grain deviates from an optimum value that is dependent on the web thickness. In some cases, the undesirable phenomenon of erosive grain burning may take place. One simple solution to restore neutrality is to add taper to the ends of the grain. Loss of motor filling comes as penalty for adding these tapered ends. The grain should thus be tailored to simultaneously satisfy both desired design objectives namely, neutrality and filling. The present paper aims to address the dependence of these two design objectives on the design of a taper-ended tubular grain. The designs that are likely to yield erosive burning are also addressed. A parametric study is conducted involving the aspect ratio of the grain, its web thickness, and the taper angles on both ends. These parameters were varied, respectively, in the ranges 0.5: 5, 0.1:0.9, and 10o:90o. It was concluded that neutrality and filling of these grains are two competing objectives. The maximum neutrality is achieved using a grain with aspect ratios, web thickness, front and rear taper of 2:2.5, 0.1, 50o, and 30o, respectively. In contrast, the maximum filling can be achieved using a grain with aspect ratios and web thickness of 1:3.5 and 0.8, respectively, with no taper at both ends. A compromised grain can have aspect ratio and web thickness of 2 and 0.8, respectively, with no taper at both ends.


Item Type: Article
Y. M. Ahmed, Mahmoud
Subjects: T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Shah Alam > Faculty of Mechanical Engineering
Journal or Publication Title: Journal of Mechanical Engineering (JMechE)
UiTM Journal Collections: UiTM Journal > Journal of Mechanical Engineering (JMechE)
ISSN: 1823-5514 ; 2550-164X
Volume: 16
Number: 1
Page Range: pp. 79-98
Official URL:
Item ID: 36346
Uncontrolled Keywords: Solid propellant rocket propulsion, grain design, neutrality, filling coefficient, erosive burning.

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