Comparison on banana peels, sugarcane bagasse and their combination as biosorbent for nikel, copper and cadmium ions in water samples at Tasik Ilham UiTM Perlis / Amni Afaf Amir Hakim

Amir Hakim, Amni Afaf (2020) Comparison on banana peels, sugarcane bagasse and their combination as biosorbent for nikel, copper and cadmium ions in water samples at Tasik Ilham UiTM Perlis / Amni Afaf Amir Hakim. Degree thesis, Universiti Teknologi Mara Perlis.

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Abstract

The massive amount of biomass by product will turn into lignocellulosic biomass and harm the environment. In this study, the potential of biomass by product to absorb heavy metal ions in Tasik Ihlam is studied. This study area was chosen due to lots of students activity had been carried out from some streams flowing into the lake through a drain. Three potential biosorbents which are banana peels, sugarcane bagasse and their combination were evaluated using ICP-OES and FTIR. The adsorbents were soaked in water samples within 1 to 2 hours and their concentration of metal ions were recorded before and after the adsorption process. For TI 1, TI 2 and TI 3 while using combination as adsorbent showed the amount concentration of Cu2+ before treatment are 1.8, 0.055, and 0.195 g/ml respectively. After adsorbent was applied the concentration of Cu2+ has decrease to 0.131, 0.0093, and 0.0205 g/ml respectively. From FTIR result, shows that spectra bands in banana peels assigned to phenol, xyloglucan, pectin and cellulose that lies at 1430, 1078, 1014, and 900 cm-1 respectively. While, the spectra for sugarcane the bands were observed for phenolic ring, arabinose, pectin and cellulose at 1630, 975, 1014 and 1060 cm-1 respectively. All these functional group has high ability in adsorbed metal ions. The result shows that combination is the most effective adsorbent due to high surface of active sites was evaluated using percentage of removal efficiency and paired T-test. However for the monolayer adsorption banana peels is the most effective compare to sugarcane bagasse and combination was evaluated using Langmuir and Freundlich isotherm. This study would provide greater benefits for the community and government to solve the accumulation of heavy metals pollutant and biomass through cheaper and environmental friendly biosorption process.

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Item Type: Thesis (Degree)
Creators:
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Amir Hakim, Amni Afaf
2016589447
Subjects: Q Science > QD Chemistry > Physical and theoretical chemistry > Flocculation, precipitation, adsorption, etc. Coagulation
Q Science > QH Natural history - Biology > Bioactive compounds
T Technology > TP Chemical technology > Fuel > Biomass
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Perlis > Arau Campus > Faculty of Applied Sciences
Programme: Biology
Item ID: 36168
Uncontrolled Keywords: Biosorbent For Nikel ; Copper ; Cadmium Ions ; Banana Peels ; Sugarcane Bagasse
URI: https://ir.uitm.edu.my/id/eprint/36168

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