Mediation and moderation analysis from the perspective of behavioral science / Sharifah Khairol Musairah

Musairah, Sharifah Khairol (2015) Mediation and moderation analysis from the perspective of behavioral science / Sharifah Khairol Musairah. Jurnal Intelek, 10 (1). pp. 1-11. ISSN 2682-9223


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Mediation and moderation are theories for understanding causal relationships. The purpose of this article is to make researchers aware the difference between mediator and moderator. Research that combines mediation and moderation are common in either basic or applied behavioral research. Usually, this kind of research is structured in terms of mediated moderation or moderated mediation. Unfortunately, many researchers use the terms mediator and moderator interchangeably; not realizing the difference between the two. Therefore, in this article, the differences between a mediator and a moderator are outlined. This article described conceptual basis, research model, data analysis and construct validity issues that are necessary for making inferences in mediation and/or moderation analysis. Then, this article defines the mediating variable and how it differs from moderating variable. Next, longitudinal mediation model, model with moderators as well as mediators, and causal inference for mediation models are described. An empirical illustration is provided using structural equation modeling (SEM) techniques. Statistical methods to analyze mediation and moderation as well as newer techniques are described. Future directions using mediators and moderators with more elaborate models such as moderated mediation and mediation moderation are discussed conceptually.


Item Type: Article
Musairah, Sharifah Khairol
Subjects: H Social Sciences > H Social Sciences (General) > Research
H Social Sciences > H Social Sciences (General) > Research > Methodology
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Perlis > Arau Campus
Journal or Publication Title: Jurnal Intelek
UiTM Journal Collections: UiTM Journal > Jurnal Intelek (JI)
ISSN: 2682-9223
Volume: 10
Number: 1
Page Range: pp. 1-11
Official URL:
Item ID: 35866
Uncontrolled Keywords: mediator, moderator, interaction, analysis, model

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