Effect of milling time on the microstructure of NiFe alloy / Lokman Hakim Amran

Amran, Lokman Hakim (2010) Effect of milling time on the microstructure of NiFe alloy / Lokman Hakim Amran. Degree thesis, Universiti Teknologi MARA.


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Nickel-Iron (NiFe) base alloys (permalloy) are commonly used as soft magnetic materials, exhibiting high permeability, low coercivity, low magnetostriction and highsaturation magnetization. This material is often used in electronic industry. The continuous research of this material can improve its characteristics beside find new functionality so that it can give benefits to people. The main objective of this research is to investigate the effect of milling time on the microstructure and properties of NiFe. The experiment was conducted by using pure Nickel (Ni) and Iron (Fe) powders 99.9% purity. The powder mixtures were milled with various milling time of 2 hours, 4 hours and 6 hours in a zirconium oxide jar and ball-to-powder ration (BPR) of 3:1 was used. The milled powder were compacted and annealed in the hot furnace with 600°C annealing temperature and holding time for 1 hour. X-Ray Diffraction (XRD) technique and Energy Dispersive X-Ray (EDX) were used to study the composition of the samples before and after annealing. Electromagnetic testing and hardness testing also was conducted to examine the electroconductivity and hardness of the samples respectively. Besides, microscopic examination was carried out using optical microscope and Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) analysis to observe particle morphology of NiFe alloys. The result showed as the milling time increased, the particles and crystallite size of material were decreased less than about 18nm and the fine microstructure of NiFe was achieved. XRD analysis shows the NiFe alloys consisting of Ni, NiFe and Fes04. The highest value of hardness and electrical resistivity obtained are 78.7 HRA and 11. 45 Ohm.m.


Item Type: Thesis (Degree)
Amran, Lokman Hakim
Email / ID Num.
Thesis advisor
Mei Hyie, Koay
Subjects: T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery > Mechanical and electrical engineering combined
T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery > Microfluidics and microfluidic devices
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Shah Alam > Faculty of Mechanical Engineering
Programme: Bachelor Engineering (Hons) (Mechanical)
Item ID: 35710
Uncontrolled Keywords: NiFe alloy, Electronic industry, Magnetic materials
URI: https://ir.uitm.edu.my/id/eprint/35710


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