Synthesis, characterizations and anti-corrosion screening of schiff base derived from 4-methylbenzaldehyde and ethylenediamine / Nur Syafiqah Abdul Razak

Abdul Razak, Nur Syafiqah (2017) Synthesis, characterizations and anti-corrosion screening of schiff base derived from 4-methylbenzaldehyde and ethylenediamine / Nur Syafiqah Abdul Razak. [Student Project] (Unpublished)

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Abstract

Schiff bases are derived from aldehyde or ketone with amine like compounds in which the carbonyl group is replaced by an imine or azomethine group (C=N). In this research, Schiff base namely N,N-bis(4-methylbenzylidene)ethane-1,2- diamine (4-MBenEdine) was synthesized from 4-methylbenzaldehyde and ethylenediamine. Both aldehyde and amine were dissolved in methanol and was refluxed at 60-70 C for about 5 hours with continuous stirring. The chemical structure of the product was confirmed by elemental analysis, FT-IR and UV-Vis techniques. 4-MBenEdine produces white colour crystal with high percentage yield, 76.48 % and having sharp melting point. From the characterizations, the detection of azomethine group with other important bonds was observed from the comparison of aldehyde and amine. From the IR spectrum of 4-MBenEdine, main peaks were observed at 1638, 1508, 1024 and 819 cm-1 which are belong to C=N, C=C, C-N and C-H (aromatic) respectively. For UV-Vis spectrum, three transitions were detected for 4-MBenEdine. 365, 255 and 210 nm were attributed to the of azomethine group, of benzene ring and of nitrogen atom presence in ligand respectively. The corrosion inhibition efficiency on mild steel was done at various inhibitor concentrations from 1 M hydrochloric acid (HCl) that were diluted from 37 % of HCl has been investigated using weight loss technique. From the results obtained, it was found that the corrosion inhibition efficiency of 4-MBenEdine is much greater than that of corresponding amine and aldehyde. The striking effect on the corrosion inhibition activities due to the existence of C=N groups that adsorbed onto the mild steel surface that cause them to form a monolayer on the surface.

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Item Type: Student Project
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Abdul Razak, Nur Syafiqah
UNSPECIFIED
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General) > Study and teaching > Laboratories. General works
Q Science > QD Chemistry > Organic chemistry > Schiff bases
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Negeri Sembilan > Kuala Pilah Campus > Faculty of Applied Sciences
Programme: Bachelor of Science (Hons.) Chemistry
Item ID: 35190
Uncontrolled Keywords: Synthesis, characterizations, anti-corrosion screening
URI: https://ir.uitm.edu.my/id/eprint/35190

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