Modelling the impact of exchange rate risks on imports / Azlina Hanif and Noor Zahirah Mohd Sidek

Hanif, Azlina and Mohd Sidek, Noor Zahirah (2012) Modelling the impact of exchange rate risks on imports / Azlina Hanif and Noor Zahirah Mohd Sidek. [Research Reports] (Unpublished)


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Risks arising from the exchange rate can be divided into two major categories
- exchange rate volatility and exchange rate misalignment. The primary reasons why
exchange rate risks are of interest to policymakers are due to the fact that: (I) Risks
emanating from exchange rate volatility may increase or reduce the cost of imports
and , (2) Exchange rate undervaluation may result in higher cost of import and
overvaluation of the exchange rate may suppress costs of imports. Existing studies
focus on the impact of exchange rate volatility on imports (see for example Koray
and Lask"apes, 1989; Klein, 1990; Cushman, 1988) but to the best of our knowledge,
the impact of exchange rate misalignment on imports has yet to be studied.
The prime objective of this study is to develop a theoretical model, which
explains the relationship between exchange rate risk and imports. Subsequently, the
impact of exchange rate risks on imports will be examined using this model. We
also examine whether exchange rate risks affects the performance of imports at both
aggregated and disaggregated level. Both short and long run behavior will be
examined using the estimation method proposed by Pesaran et al. (2001 ). The
impact of shocks in exchange rate risks on imports will be simulated based on the
impulse response and variance decomposition techniques.
We expect the results to support our hypothesis that exchange rate volatility
depresses import activities . Exchange rate misalignment in the form of
undervaluation is expected to increase the cost of imports hence discourages imports
and overvaluation is expected to confer an opposite effect i.e. reduces the cost of
imports hence promote import activities. Asymmetries in the events of overvaluation
and undervaluation are also suspected. That is, the magnitude of percentage increase
(decrease) in imports as a result of exchange rate overvaluation (undervaluation) is
expected to differ.


Item Type: Research Reports
Hanif, Azlina
Mohd Sidek, Noor Zahirah
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HC Economic History and Conditions > Income. Income distribution. National income. Including gross national product, gross domestic product, and gross state product
H Social Sciences > HG Finance > International finance > Foreign exchange. Foreign exchange rates
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Kedah > Sg Petani Campus > Research Management Institute (RMI), UiTM Cawangan Kedah
Item ID: 35058
Uncontrolled Keywords: exchange rate misalignment, Klein, Cushman


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