The effect of calcined eggshell powder on the properties of egshell / purple potato starch bioplastic / Hafizatul Anis Mohammad

Mohammad, Hafizatul Anis (2020) The effect of calcined eggshell powder on the properties of egshell / purple potato starch bioplastic / Hafizatul Anis Mohammad. Degree thesis, Universiti Teknologi Mara Perlis.

Download

[thumbnail of 34513.pdf] Text
34513.pdf

Download (244kB)

Abstract

This study was conducted to investigate the effect of calcined eggshell powder (CESP) on the starch matrix's physical and mechanical properties. Purple Sweet Potato (PSP) starch was extracted and mixed with glycerol as a plasticizer and 0-20% by weight of CESP to manufacture this bioplastic PSP / CESP using casting method and dried with oven at 60ᵒC for 24 hours. Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR-ATR), Differential Scanning Calorimetry (DSC) and Universal Testing Machine (Instron) have been used to analyze the physical and mechanical aspects of this bioplastic. It can be summarized from the FTIR analysis that the PSP / CESP bioplastic synthesized the presence of the four functions from this study. It can be summarized from the FTIR analysis that the PSP / CESP bioplastic synthesized from this study the presence of the four functional stretches corresponding to the O-H stretch, C-H stretch, C= O stretch and C-O stretch. The thermal analysis using the DSC experiment led to a thermal increase of 15% when CESP was scaled up to 20 wt%. This bioplastic's tensile strength and module increase from 0166327 MPa to 0.28288 MPa and 1.9501 MPa to 6.3898 MPa respectively, with the addition of CESP up to 10 wt%, making it the best composition to make this bioplastic PSP / CESP. This is because the addition of CESP over 10 wt% reduces this bioplastic's tensile strength and elasticity module. In addition, soil burial testing has proven the biodegradability of this bioplastic. Adding CESP to PSP bioplastic has a higher biodegradability rate than adding up to 20 wt%. CESP filler is capable of rising this sample's weight loss rate to 74% in seven days. Such bioplastics therefore have good physical and mechanical properties that can be used as alternatives to synthesis.

Metadata

Item Type: Thesis (Degree)
Creators:
Creators
Email
Mohammad, Hafizatul Anis
2017114813
Subjects: Q Science > QD Chemistry > Organic chemistry
Q Science > QD Chemistry > Organic chemistry > Polymers. Macromolecules
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Perlis > Arau Campus > Faculty of Applied Sciences
Item ID: 34513
Uncontrolled Keywords: Eggshell Powder ; Purple Potato Starch Bioplastic ; Synthesis ; Effect ; Calcined
URI: https://ir.uitm.edu.my/id/eprint/34513

Fulltext

Fulltext is available at:
  • Bilik Koleksi Akses Terhad | Kampus Arau, Perlis
  • ID Number

    34513

    Indexing


    View in Google Scholar

    Edit Item
    Edit Item