Preparation and characterization of ZnO nanorods on porous silicon nanostructures using sol-gel immersion method / Suhaidah Amizam

Amizam, Suhaidah (2020) Preparation and characterization of ZnO nanorods on porous silicon nanostructures using sol-gel immersion method / Suhaidah Amizam. Masters thesis, Universiti Teknologi MARA.

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Abstract

This thesis presents the preparation and characterization of ZnO nanorods on porous silicon nanostructures (PSiNs) using sol-gel immersion method. A simple method to synthesize the ZnO nanorods from aqueous solution that contain zinc nitrate hexahydrate (Zn(NO3)2•6H20) and hexamethylenetetramine (C6H12N4) is presented. ZnO nanorods were prepared under different parameters such as molar concentration of precursors, immersion times, immersion temperatures and annealing temperatures to obtain the optimum growth parameter of ZnO nanorods on PSiNs substrate. All samples are then characterized by Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM) to study the surface morphology, X-Ray Diffraction (XRD) for purity and crystallinity of ZnO nanorods and Photoluminescence (PL) spectrometer to study the luminescence properties and defect states of ZnO nanorods. From the characterization measurements of the samples, observed that ZnO structures showed the width of ZnO microrods can be reduced to nanorods size by decreasing the molar concentration of precursor and increasing the immersion temperatures from 65 to 95°C at 15 h immersion time. X-ray Diffraction pattern for all samples corresponded to the hexagonal ZnO phase and it showed the orientation of nuclei is random on the PSiNs substrate. While photoluminescence study at room-temperature showed strong UV emission and several weak emissions at blue wavelength region which may suggest good materials for fabricating optoelectronic devices such as light emitting diodes (LEDs), solar cell, sensor and laser diodes (LDs).

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Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
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Amizam, Suhaidah
UNSPECIFIED
Subjects: Q Science > QC Physics > Composite materials
Q Science > QC Physics > Atomic physics. Constitution and properties of matter > Nanostructures
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Shah Alam > Faculty of Applied Sciences
Item ID: 27580
Uncontrolled Keywords: Nanorods, Silicon, Immersion
URI: https://ir.uitm.edu.my/id/eprint/27580

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