The efffect of GGM local geoid determination by using [KTH] method / Nurlaili Khalip

Khalip, Nurlaili (2019) The efffect of GGM local geoid determination by using [KTH] method / Nurlaili Khalip. Degree thesis, Universiti Teknologi Mara Perlis.


Johor is characterized as one of the states that urbanized and also has flat terrain in
this country's regions. So the existence of the high-resolution geoid model is
considered very important with widespread of the GPS technology in the country. In
this study, a new gravimetric geoid model is computed for Johor region, by applying
the method that was developed by Royal Institute of Technology (KTH) Stockholm-
Sweden. The method utilizes the least-squares modification (LSM) of Stokes formula.
The modified Stokes formula combines the regional terrestrial gravity data together
with the long-wavelength gravity information from a global gravitational model
(GGM). The Digital Elevation Model (DEM), SRTM generated by NASA and the
National Imagery and Mapping Agency (NIMA) also used to compute topography
effects on the geoid. Four additive corrections are computed over the entire target area
and applied to the approximate geoid heights obtaining the final geoid solution. The
gravimetric geoid is validated by using GPS-levelling information at 62 points
distributed over the whole Johor. The results will show that the standard deviation
(STD) of the differences between the gravimetric and geometric geoid heights at 62
GPS-levelling points. Smaller standard deviation means the geoid is a good model for
Johor region.


Item Type: Thesis (Degree)
Email / ID Num.
Khalip, Nurlaili
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > G Geography (General) > Global Positioning System
G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GB Physical geography > Geomorphology. Landforms. Terrain
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Perlis > Arau Campus > Faculty of Architecture, Planning and Surveying
Keywords: gravimetric geoid ; (KTH) ; GPS-levelling information ; global gravitational model (GGM)
Date: 18 February 2019
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