Phytochemical screeningand antimicrobialactivities of diospyros blancoi leaves against selected bacteria / Ahmad Faisal Mohamad Roslan

Mohamad Roslan, Ahmad Faisal (2017) Phytochemical screeningand antimicrobialactivities of diospyros blancoi leaves against selected bacteria / Ahmad Faisal Mohamad Roslan. [Student Project] (Unpublished)

Download

[thumbnail of PPb_AHMAD FAISAL MOHAMAD ROSLAN AS C 17_5.PDF] Text
PPb_AHMAD FAISAL MOHAMAD ROSLAN AS C 17_5.PDF

Download (1MB)

Abstract

Diospyros blancoi which also known as 'Pokok mentega' is a species from family
of Ebenaceae. The plant bark was known of its properties in treating diarrhea,
dysentry, fever and cough. The fruit part has been used to treat wound and
aphtous stomatitis. The D. blancoi extract can be used as an alternative drug to
treat diseases. The methanol and hexane extract of D. blancoi leaves was
investigated for the difference in amount of yield, phytochemical constituents,
antimicrobial activities and minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC). For 200 g
of dry weight, extraction in methanol yield more than in hexane which is 40.52 g
and 5.85 g respectively. In methanol extract, alkaloids, flavonoids, and tannins
were detected. Whereas in hexane extract, flavonoids, tannin and saponin were
found. In disk diffusion of methanol extract, give highest antimicrobial activity at
concentration 400 mg/ml against B. subtilis with 13.6 mm of inhibition zone and
lowest antimicrobial activity was against P. aeruginosa which no inhibition zone
was formed at all level of concentration. On the other hand, the disk diffusion of
hexane extract did not give any inhibition zone at all concentration against all
bacteria tested. In minimal inhibitory concentration (MIC) determination of
methanol extract, the MIC of S. aureus, B. subtilis and K. pneumoniae was
determined at 50 mg/ml, 25 mg/ml and 50 mg/ml respectively. The effectiveness
of D. blancoi was affected by the level of concentration of extract and bacteria
species. Besides, both extract cannot elicit inhibition zone against P. aeruginosa.
This means that the extract cannot replace antibiotic such as gentamicin. Further
investigation on another part of plant such as root and fruit flesh is recommended
to use against P. aeruginosa for antibiotic susceptibility testing.

Metadata

Item Type: Student Project
Creators:
Creators
Email
Mohamad Roslan, Ahmad Faisal
UNSPECIFIED
Subjects: Q Science > QR Microbiology > Microbial ecology
Q Science > QR Microbiology > Cultures and culture media. Culture technique.
Q Science > QR Microbiology > Bacteria
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Pahang > Jengka Campus > Faculty of Applied Sciences
Item ID: 22901
Uncontrolled Keywords: Diospyros blancoi, Pokok mentega, Ebenaceae, Phytochemical constituents, Antimicrobial activities
URI: https://ir.uitm.edu.my/id/eprint/22901

Fulltext

Fulltext is available at:
  • UNSPECIFIED
  • ID Number

    22901

    Indexing


    View in Google Scholar

    Edit Item
    Edit Item