# Backward differentiation formulae with variable stepsize variable order for solving stiff delay differential equations / Nora Baizura Mohd Isa

Mohd Isa, Nora Baizura (2015) Backward differentiation formulae with variable stepsize variable order for solving stiff delay differential equations / Nora Baizura Mohd Isa. Masters thesis, Universiti Teknologi MARA.

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TM_NORA BAIZURA MOHD ISA CS 15_5.pdf

## Abstract

This thesis describes the development of predictor-corrector variable stepsize variable order based on backward differentiation formulae (BVSVO) method and direct predictor-corrector variable stepsize variable order based on backward differentiation
formulae (DBVSVO) method for solving first order and special second order stiff delay differential equations respectively. The predictor and corrector formulae are represented in divided difference form. The developed methods are implemented
using variable stepsize variable order technique. In varying the stepsize, the coefficients of the methods need to be recomputed at every step which will create extra computational cost. Thus, in order to reduce the computational cost, the coefficients of the methods are computed by a simple recurrence relation. In solving
first order stiff delay differential equations using the BVSVO method, the numerical results are compared with non-stiff method, single-step method and multistep method.From the numerical results, the BVSVO method has shown the efficiency and reliability for solving first order stiff delay differential equations in terms of total number of steps, maximum error and average error. The DBVSVO method is used to solve special second order stiff delay differential equations directly without reducing
to first order equations. We present some test examples to check an accuracy and efficiency of the DBVSVO method. For comparison purposes, the same set of test examples is reduced to a system of first order equations and solved using the BVSVO
method. The numerical results for solving special second order stiff delay differential equations using the DBVSVO method is better compared with the BVSVO method in term of total number of function evaluations

Item Type: Thesis (Masters) CreatorsEmailMohd Isa, Nora BaizuraUNSPECIFIED Q Science > QA MathematicsQ Science > QA Mathematics > Mathematical statistics. Probabilities Universiti Teknologi MARA, Shah Alam > Faculty of Computer and Mathematical Sciences 15139 Backward Differentiation Formulae; Variable Stepsize Variable Order ;Stiff Delay Differential Equations https://ir.uitm.edu.my/id/eprint/15139

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