Phylogenetic relationship of non-typeable haemophilus influenzaeisolates / Nurul Hamirah Kamsani

Kamsani, Nurul Hamirah (2014) Phylogenetic relationship of non-typeable haemophilus influenzaeisolates / Nurul Hamirah Kamsani. Masters thesis, Universiti Teknologi MARA.

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Abstract

Nontypeable Haemophilus influenzae (NTHi) is a significant pathogen in children,
causing otitis media, sinusitis, conjunctivitis, pneumonia, and occasionally invasive
infections. Twenty-eight strains obtained from the Institute for Medical Research (IMR),
Kuala Lumpur, were examined for antimicrobial susceptibility pattern and the
relationship between the strains was determined by using three different molecular
epidemiological methods; restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP), pulsed-field
gel electrophoresis (PFGE) and multilocus sequence typing (MLST). Antibiotic
susceptibility test showed 33% of the strains were resistant to two or more of the tested
antimicrobial agents. These NTHi strains demonstrated resistance most frequently to
trimethoprim-sulfomethoxazole (32%), followed by ampicilin (21%), erythromycin
(10%) and 7% each for chloramphenicol and streptomycin. Digestion with HinlIII for
RFLP demonstrated limited use because it produced only two to three bands for each
strains. When analysed by PFGE, a total of 25 PFGE patterns were produced with SmaI,
representing a genetically assorted population. It was observed that the strains fell into
four major clusters with genetic distances >40% similarity of which only six strains were
clonal with more than 900/0 similarity. While for MLST typing, new combination of allele
numbers were found and 27 novel sequence types (STs) were detected. Among the three
methods, RFLP was less discriminating in comparison to the PFGE and MLST. PFGE
provides information on the relatedness between strains while the MLST reveals the
genetic variation amongst Malaysian NTHi strains and their relationship to all the H
influenzae isolates in the MLST database. Based on all the three typing methods, this
study shows that majority of the NTHi strains in Malaysia are heterogenous and are
genetically diversified.

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Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
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Kamsani, Nurul Hamirah
UNSPECIFIED
Subjects: Q Science > QR Microbiology
Q Science > QR Microbiology > Bacteria
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Shah Alam > Faculty of Medicine
Item ID: 14289
Uncontrolled Keywords: Pathogen; Nontypeable Haemophilus influenzae (NTHi); Antimicrobial susceptibility pattern
URI: https://ir.uitm.edu.my/id/eprint/14289

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