Application of mathematical model for assessment of river morphology : a case study of Titas river / Muhammad Anowar Saadat, Mir Abdus Subhan and Imran Khan

Saadat, Muhammad Anowar and Subhan, Mir Abdus and Khan, Imran (2015) Application of mathematical model for assessment of river morphology : a case study of Titas river / Muhammad Anowar Saadat, Mir Abdus Subhan and Imran Khan. Esteem Academic Journal, 11 (1). pp. 165-172. ISSN 1675-7939

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Abstract

Titas is one of the rivers of Bangladesh which has the complex Ganges- Brahmaputra-Meghna river system. 80% terrain of the country has been formed with massive sediment carried by these rivers. Titas River originates
from the Meghna River and falls again in the same at downstream. The river has become silted up over the years creating water logging in wet season and scarce water during dry season. Gradually, the river became ineffective from all aspects such as irrigation, navigation, ecological demand, etc. Government of Bangladesh has taken up a project for re-excavation of Titas River to reduce these problems and to restore the previous condition of the river by attracting more flow from the Meghna River. The re-excavation work has to be sustainable with reasonable maintenance dredging and also should not pose threat for the river banks. Mathematical modelling of Titas River using MIKE software has been carried out to simulate the morphological development under different hydro-morphological scenario. Two separate models were developed to simulate the river hydraulics in fixed bed and morphology in movable bed condition for base and re-excavated condition. Simulated base condition has been calibrated with observed data but the predicted excavated
condition was not possible to check with field condition as the envisaged excavation work has not been implemented yet. Consecutive three average year flood simulation showed that the re-excavated section would be filled up to 21% of the capital dredging volume which indicates the required yearly
maintenance dredging volume. The stability condition of the river banks in reexcavated condition was also checked so that the excavation work can be performed without damaging public property from excavation induced bank erosion. The purpose of the study was to assist the implementing agency with suggestions required for intelligent dredging to make the project economic, feasible and acceptable to all.

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Item Type: Article
Creators:
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Saadat, Muhammad Anowar
UNSPECIFIED
Subhan, Mir Abdus
UNSPECIFIED
Khan, Imran
UNSPECIFIED
Subjects: Q Science > QA Mathematics > Mathematical statistics. Probabilities
T Technology > TC Hydraulic engineering. Ocean engineering > River, lake, and water-supply engineering
T Technology > TD Environmental technology. Sanitary engineering > Water supply for domestic and industrial purposes > Sources of water supply > Rivers, lakes, ponds, etc.
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Pulau Pinang
Journal or Publication Title: Esteem Academic Journal
ISSN: 1675-7939
Volume: 11
Number: 1
Page Range: pp. 165-172
Item ID: 11992
Uncontrolled Keywords: Titas, morphology, mathematical model, siltation
URI: https://ir.uitm.edu.my/id/eprint/11992

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11992

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