Development and evaluation of an evidence based smoking cessation app for the Malaysian population: the self-determination theory approach / Budi Aslinie Md. Sabri

Md. Sabri, Budi Aslinie and Berhanuddin, Muhamad Asyraf and Mohamad, Nurul Fasiha and Hassan, Eddy Hasrul (2017) Development and evaluation of an evidence based smoking cessation app for the Malaysian population: the self-determination theory approach / Budi Aslinie Md. Sabri. ESTEEM Academic Journal, 13. pp. 28-39. ISSN 1675-7939

Official URL: http://uppp.uitm.edu.my

Abstract

Tobacco use in Malaysia accounts for 35% of in-hospital deaths, principally from cancer, heart disease and stroke. Thus, effective interventions to support smoking cessation are urgently needed. Smartphones are increasingly receiving attention as a means to assist individuals’ health management through the usage of apps such as smoking cessation apps. However, recent content analysis found that they do not typically adhere to evidence-based principles for smoking cessation and may not sufficiently stimulate autonomous-motivation. This research aims to develop and evaluate a bilingual (Malay/English) evidence-based smoking-cessation app which incorporates self-determination theory features for the Malaysian population. This project was conducted in threephases. Content development phase involved identifying ideal features of an app for behaviour modification in smoking cessation. The technical development phase focused on the technical development of the app which involved creating a programming- language framework. The final phase involved testing and evaluation using the 23-item MARS rating scale which is a validated measure of rating mobile health apps. Preliminary evaluation showed that the MARS total mean score which correspond to a star rating scale was (M=3.35 S.D ±0.50), while the mean score for each domain are as follows; engagement (M=3.30 SD±0.54), functionality (M=3.46 SD±0.64), aesthetics (M=3.46 SD±0.62), information (M=3.39 SD±0.63), subjective quality (M2.91 SD±0.65). More than 90% of the sample felt that this app is likely to increase awareness, knowledge, and motivation, influence change the attitude to smoking cessation in terms of help seeking and behaviour. Thus, the smoking cessation app developed incorporated the three parameters in SDT and fulfils the basic criteria of a health management app as measured by the MARS scale and can potentially aid in smoking cessation activities.

Metadata

Item Type: Article
Creators:
CreatorsID Num. / Email
Md. Sabri, Budi Asliniebudiaslinie@salam.uitm.edu.my
Berhanuddin, Muhamad AsyrafUNSPECIFIED
Mohamad, Nurul FasihaUNSPECIFIED
Hassan, Eddy HasrulUNSPECIFIED
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General) > Medical technology
R Medicine > R Medicine (General) > Medical technology > Malaysia
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Pulau Pinang > Permatang Pauh Campus
Journal or Publication Title: ESTEEM Academic Journal
ISSN: 1675-7939
Volume: 13
Page Range: pp. 28-39
Official URL: http://uppp.uitm.edu.my
Item ID: 28819
Uncontrolled Keywords: smoking cessation, self-determination theory, mobile apps, tobacco, MARS
URI: http://ir.uitm.edu.my/id/eprint/28819

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