Fabrication and characterization of jackfruit (artocarpus heterophyllus) seed powder & sago starch blend as biodegradable bioplastic / Mohd Suhazree Mohd Azhar

Mohd Azhar, Mohd Suhazree (2017) Fabrication and characterization of jackfruit (artocarpus heterophyllus) seed powder & sago starch blend as biodegradable bioplastic / Mohd Suhazree Mohd Azhar. Student Project. Faculty of Applied Sciences, Jengka, Pahang. (Unpublished)

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Abstract

Jackfruit (Artocarpus Heterophyllus) is a very common food in Asia and the seed has a very high amylose content quite similar to sago starch. Jackfruit seed and sago are very suitable raw materials to be used in production of biodegradable bioplastic. The objective of this research is to prepare biodegradable bioplastic made from natural resources and to utilize the use of potential waste materials. The plastic was prepared by mixing jackfruit seed flour and sago flour in distilled water with addition of 0.1 M hydrochloric acid (HCI). It was stirred and heated for 80°C and mixed with glycerol. Then, the mixture was neutralized with 0.1 M sodium hydroxide (NaOH), casted on acrylic plate and dried for several hours. The plastic was tested for its mechanical strength, water absorption, soil burial test and scanned by using Fourier Transform Infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR). The maximum mechanical strength obtained was 2.06 MPa at 70% jackfruit seed powder to sago starch ratio. The decomposition rate of biodegradable plastic was indicated by observing the decrease of the FT-IR peaks intensity and broadening of the wavenumber (cm-I) due to degradation of starch in the bioplastic. Sample with 100% jackfruit seed percentage revealed to degrade fastest compared to other samples.

Item Type: Monograph (Student Project)
Creators:
CreatorsID Num.
Mohd Azhar, Mohd SuhazreeUNSPECIFIED
Subjects: Q Science > QK Botany > Plant physiology
Q Science > QK Botany > Plant ecology
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Pahang > Jengka Campus > Faculty of Applied Sciences (C)
Item ID: 23857
Uncontrolled Keywords: Jackfruit, Artocarpus heterophyllus, Food in Asia, Biodegradable bioplastic, Natural resources, Hydrochloric acid
Last Modified: 11 Apr 2019 03:52
Depositing User: Perpustakaan Al-Bukhari UiTM Cawangan Pahang
URI: http://ir.uitm.edu.my/id/eprint/23857

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