The insecticidal potential of chilli pepper extracts against musca domestica / Nurul Ain Zulkifli

Zulkifli, Nurul Ain (2017) The insecticidal potential of chilli pepper extracts against musca domestica / Nurul Ain Zulkifli. Student Project. Faculty Of Applied Sciences, Jengka, Pahang. (Unpublished)

Abstract

Musca domestica (Diptera: Mucidae) also known as housefly and has four stages of life cycle which are eggs, larval, pupal and adult stages. Housefly is a known vector for various diseases and is controlled by using chemical-based insecticide. Chemical-based insecticide gives harm human's health. Therefore, the objectives this research are to study the life cycle and the characteristics of Musca domestica, to investigate the effect of Capsicum spp. crude extracts towards houseflies and also to compare the effectiveness of Capsicum spp. as bioinsecticide. The wild houseflies were captured in plastic container and cultured in food media for two weeks. The life cycle of cultured houseflies completed in four stages which were eggs, larvae, pupae and adults within two weeks. The comparison between sex can be determined by their size and the distance between houseflies' eyes. The crude extract Capsicum sp. 1 and Capsicum sp. 2 were prepared for treatment towards houseflies along with negative control which was distilled water and positive control which was malathion. The behaviour of the houseflies after exposed to both Capsicum spp. and malathion solutions was positive such as lied on the surface of the surface of the container and their wings vibrate in pulse compared to distilled water. The mortality rate for Capsicum sp. 1 and malathion is 100 % while Capsicum sp. 2 was 77.8%. Capsicum spp. provide an alternative method for controlling houseflies as it contains natural compound such as capsaicin which have the ability to act as natural insecticide.

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Metadata

Item Type: Monograph (Student Project)
Creators:
CreatorsID Num.
Zulkifli, Nurul AinUNSPECIFIED
Subjects: Q Science > QL Zoology > Invertebrates
Q Science > QL Zoology > Invertebrates > Arthropoda
Q Science > QL Zoology > Invertebrates > Arthropoda > Insects
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Pahang > Jengka Campus > Faculty of Applied Sciences (C)
Item ID: 22988
Uncontrolled Keywords: Musca domestica, Housefly, Capsicum spp, Natural insecticide.
URI: http://ir.uitm.edu.my/id/eprint/22988

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