Optimizing the effect of various ethanol concentration as drying agent to the mechanical properties of oil palm lumber (elaeis guineensis) / Siti Fadhilah Rosli

Rosli, Siti Fadhilah (2017) Optimizing the effect of various ethanol concentration as drying agent to the mechanical properties of oil palm lumber (elaeis guineensis) / Siti Fadhilah Rosli. Student Project. Faculty of Applied Sciences, Jengka, Pahang. (Unpublished)

Abstract

Wood-based industry in Malaysia is dependent on the natural forest resources and forest plantations. The high demand of this resource makes it more scarce and expensive. Currently the industries are searching for other resources to overcome the over dependence on local timber. The waste biomass from the oil palm industries can be turned into value-added products providing an alternative raw material for the wood industry, but OPT (Oil Palm Trunk) was reported to be difficult to dry, not only because of its extremely high green moisture content, but also its drying defects. The objectives of this study were to determine mechanical properties of Oil Palm Lumber (OPL) and the effect of different ethanol concentration on mechanical properties of OPL. Samples sized were cut according to the standard size of bending, compress and shear tests that were soaked with various concentration of ethanol and soaking time with dried by oven method. Response Surface Methodology (RSM) was conducted to develop regression equation of OPL layer in different ethanol concentration. The result showed. that bending (MOE) for outer layer was 3534.83 N/mm2 while core layer was 1667.36 N/mm2. The bending (MOR) strength for outer and core layer was 32.2352 N/mm2 and 17.8545 N/mm2 respectively. The compression strength of outer layer was 16.1238 N/mm2 and 5.58209 N/mm2 for core layer. Meanwhile, for outer layer of shear strength was 2.4196 N/mm2 and at core layer was 2.2282 N/mm2. This research found that the drying method of OPT using ethanol had been successful and showed that ethanol had an effect on mechanical properties of OPT .in drying the outer and core layer of OPT for 24 hours with a temperature of 80°C by using oven and only 55% of the ethanol concentration was suggested to obtain the best mechanical properties of OPT.

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Metadata

Item Type: Monograph (Student Project)
Creators:
CreatorsID Num.
Rosli, Siti FadhilahUNSPECIFIED
Subjects: T Technology > TP Chemical technology > Heating, drying, cooling, evaporating
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Pahang > Jengka Campus > Faculty of Applied Sciences (C)
Item ID: 22787
Uncontrolled Keywords: Oil palm trunk, Dried by oven method, Ethanol
URI: http://ir.uitm.edu.my/id/eprint/22787

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