Effects of various environments on tensile properties, flexural properties and fracture toughness of kenaf fibre reinforced unsaturated polyester (KFRP) composites / Farizah Adliza Ghazali

Ghazali, Farizah Adliza (2010) Effects of various environments on tensile properties, flexural properties and fracture toughness of kenaf fibre reinforced unsaturated polyester (KFRP) composites / Farizah Adliza Ghazali. Masters thesis, Universiti Teknologi MARA.

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Abstract

Natural fibres have an outstanding potential as reinforcement in composites materials. This research deals with the preparation of kenaf fibre reinforced unsaturated polyester (KFRP) composites by compression moulding technique. The preparation and testing of composite specimens were carried out per ASTM standards. Tests were conducted on ESH 50kN servo hydraulic machine using built-in data acquisition system at displacement rate of 1.5 mm/min. At the first stage, this research aimed to determine the mechanical properties of KFRP composites at various fibre volume fractions with three types of target volume fraction i.e. 10%, 15% and 20%. Among three types of target volume, the fibre volume fraction of 20% was selected as the greatest fibre volume fraction based on the highest mechanical properties obtained and then was evaluated for the effects of various environments. At the second stage, the research has been carried on the tensile, flexural and fracture toughness testing of KFRP composites after exposing to various environments, i.e. distilled water, saline water, organic fuel (diesel), acidic water (sulphuric acid 33.5% v/v), high temperature and low temperature. Exposure to the low temperature were executed by exposing the specimen in ice at -10oC and for high temperature, the specimen have been kept in a closed oven at 60oC monitored by using a built-in thermocouple. Analysis of the results reveals that the lowest in tensile properties for the same duration of exposure was found after exposure into saline water (σ = 9.59 MPa, E = 4.15 GPa) and then in distilled water followed by acidic water, high temperature, organic fuel and low temperature (σ = 14.39 MPa, E = 6.26 GPa). The lowest flexural properties were found after exposure into saline water (σfs = 13.34 MPa, Efs = 0.48 GPa) followed by distilled water, then in acidic water, organic fuel, high temperature and low temperature (σfs = 13.34 MPa, Efs = 0.48 GPa) for the same duration of exposure. The lowest fracture toughness was found after exposure into high temperature (KI = 100 MPa√mm) and then in low temperature followed by saline water, distilled water, acidic water and organic fuel (KI = 138 MPa√mm) for the same duration of exposure. The fractographic analysis of the specimens was done to identify the damage mechanism of KFRP composites due to the environmental effects. The failure was dominated by brittle failure and fibre-matrix interface debonding.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Natural fibres, reinforcement, composites materials, kenaf fibre reinforced unsaturated polyester (KFRP), composite
Subjects: T Technology > TA Engineering. Civil engineering > Materials of engineering and construction > Composite materials.
T Technology > TA Engineering. Civil engineering > Reinforced concrete
T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
Divisions: Faculty of Mechanical Engineering
Depositing User: Staf Pendigitan 1
Date Deposited: 21 Dec 2011 05:43
Last Modified: 06 Oct 2016 07:52
URI: http://ir.uitm.edu.my/id/eprint/4263

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