A review on the controlling approach pest on the difference effectiveness between biological and chemical control of rhinoceros beetle in oil palm plantation / Syarmiana Asyharman

Asyharman, Syarmiana (2016) A review on the controlling approach pest on the difference effectiveness between biological and chemical control of rhinoceros beetle in oil palm plantation / Syarmiana Asyharman. Student Project. Faculty of Plantation and Agrotechnology, Jasin, Melaka. (Unpublished)

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Abstract

The oil palm tree, Elaeis guineensis was originated from West Africa where it grows in the wild and later was developed into an agricultural crop. It is mainly industry that contributes to the Malaysia economy development and introduced as ornamental plant in Malaysia on 1870 (Kalidas, 2012). Palm oil is the most traded oil in the world. According to MPOB in 2011, its exports reached almost 39.04 million tonnes of which Malaysia's share was 46%. However, pest and disease infection can cause losses of oil palm yield. Rhinoceros beetle or Oryctes rhinoceros is one of the important pest that must be controlled because it can reduce crop yield in an average 40% to 92% crop loss during the first year of harvesting (Manjeri et al., 2014). This review study was conducted to assess the effectiveness by using chemical and biological control of rhinoceros beetle and which control is mostly use by several companies in oil palm plantation. This paper also done to study the chemical and biological technique used by oil palm plantation's companies in controlling rhinoceros beetle. Based on the results, as compared to chemical and biological control, the most effective way to control the rhinoceros beetle is using biological control but chemical was applied when the population was excessive. The scope of this study by reviewing 50 global and local papers regarding to the title of this project.

Item Type: Monograph (Student Project)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Pest; Biological; Chemical control; Rhinoceros beetle; Oil palm plantation
Subjects: S Agriculture > SB Plant culture > Pests and diseases
S Agriculture > SB Plant culture > Weeds, parasitic plants, etc.
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Melaka > Jasin Campus
Depositing User: Staf Pendigitan 2
Date Deposited: 27 Jul 2017 09:18
Last Modified: 27 Jul 2017 09:18
URI: http://ir.uitm.edu.my/id/eprint/17513

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