# A new scheme for solving goursat problem using newton-cotes integration formula / Ros Fadilah Deraman

Deraman, Ros Fadilah (2014) A new scheme for solving goursat problem using newton-cotes integration formula / Ros Fadilah Deraman. Masters thesis, Universiti Teknologi MARA.

## Abstract

The Goursat partial differential equation is a hyperbolic partial differential equation which arises in science and engineering fields. Many approaches have been suggested to approximate the solutions of the Goursat partial differential equations such as the finite difference method, Runge-Kutta method, differential transform method, variational iteration method and homotopy analysis method. These methods focus on series expansion and numerical differentiation approaches including the forward and central differences in deriving the schemes. In this thesis, we developed new schemes to solve a class of Goursat partial differential equations that applies the Newton-Cotes formula for approximating the double integrals terms. The Newton-Cotes numerical integration involves Newton-Cotes order one, Newton-Cotes order two, Newton-Cotes order three and Newton-Cotes order four. The linear and nonlinear homogeneous and inhomogeneous Goursat problems are examined. The new schemes gave quantitatively reliable results for the problems considered. The numerical analysis test has been performed to ensure that the new schemes are accurate, consistent, stable and converge in solving these problems. The accuracy level of the results obtained indicates the superiority of these new schemes over established scheme. It is also proven that the linear and nonlinear schemes are successfully converge to the exact solution. Thus, it implies that the schemes are also consistent and stable for linear and nonlinear Goursat problemsThe Goursat partial differential equation is a hyperbolic partial differential equation which arises in science and engineering fields. Many approaches have been suggested to approximate the solutions of the Goursat partial differential equations such as the finite difference method, Runge-Kutta method, differential transform method, variational iteration method and homotopy analysis method. These methods focus on series expansion and numerical differentiation approaches including the forward and central differences in deriving the schemes. In this thesis, we developed new schemes to solve a class of Goursat partial differential equations that applies the Newton-Cotes formula for approximating the double integrals terms. The Newton-Cotes numerical integration involves Newton-Cotes order one, Newton-Cotes order two, Newton-Cotes order three and Newton-Cotes order four. The linear and nonlinear homogeneous and inhomogeneous Goursat problems are examined. The new schemes gave quantitatively reliable results for the problems considered. The numerical analysis test has been performed to ensure that the new schemes are accurate, consistent, stable and converge in solving these problems. The accuracy level of the results obtained indicates the superiority of these new schemes over established scheme. It is also proven that the linear and nonlinear schemes are successfully converge to the exact solution. Thus, it implies that the schemes are also consistent and stable for linear and nonlinear Goursat problems

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Creators:
CreatorsEmail
Subjects: Q Science > QA Mathematics > Analysis > Differential equations. Runge-Kutta formulas
Q Science > QA Mathematics > Analysis > Differential equations. Runge-Kutta formulas > Partial differential equations (first order)
Divisions: Faculty of Computer and Mathematical Sciences
Item ID: 14332
Uncontrolled Keywords: The Goursat problem; Hyperbolic partial differential equation; Partial differential equation; Differential equations, Nonlinear; Decomposition (Mathematics)