Preparation and characterization of polymer electrolytes methyl cellulose based potassium hydroxide for electrochemical cell / Mas Fiza Mustafa

Mustafa, Mas Fiza (2015) Preparation and characterization of polymer electrolytes methyl cellulose based potassium hydroxide for electrochemical cell / Mas Fiza Mustafa. Masters thesis, Universiti Teknologi MARA.

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Abstract

In this study, methyl cellulose (MC) was used as the host with potassium hydroxide (KOH) as the ionic doping and dimethyl carbonate (DMC) as plasticizer and aluminum oxide (AI20 3) as filler. Films of methyl cellulose (Me), MC-KOH complexes, plasticized MC-KOH complexes and MC-KOH in addition of filler were prepared. The electrical conductivity was calculated using the bulk resistance value obtained from the complex impedance plot in the frequency range from 100 Hz to 1 MHz. This was done for all samples. The film containing 30 weight percent (wt%) of KOH in the methyl cellulose (Me) system exhibits the highest room temperature electrical conductivity of 7.23 X 10-6 Scm>. The highest electrical conductivity of the plasticized MC-KOH with 15 wt% DMC was 3.61 x 10-5 scm:' and 1.46 X 10-5 scm:' for film containing 20 wtO~ alumina filler in the MC-KOH complexes at room temperature. The plot of log conductivity versus 103/ T for each film obeys Arrhenius rule inferred that the conductivity was thermally assisted. The regression values are (R2---1) are from 92% to 980/0 indicating a good straight line obtained from the plot. The activation energy was calculated from the Arrhenius plots. It was observed that in the increase of conductivity.rr the value of activation energy, E, decreases and vice versa. The highest conducting value has the lowest E, of 0.113 eVe The modulus formalism shows that the samples of MC-KOH based electrolytes are ionic conductors. This is supported by results from the infrared (IR) spectroscopy where there were interactions and complexation in the MC-KOH complexes. The highest conducting film was used as a solid polymer in the fabrication of MC-based polymer electrolytes film using zinc as the anode and manganese dioxide as cathode.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Methyl Cellulose (MC), dimethyl carbonate (DMC), potassium hydroxide, electrical conductivity
Subjects: Q Science > QD Chemistry > Physical and theoretical chemistry > Electrochemistry. Electrolysis
Q Science > QD Chemistry > Physical and theoretical chemistry > Electrolytes, electrolyte solutions
Divisions: Faculty of Applied Sciences
Depositing User: Staf Pendigitan 2
Date Deposited: 16 Jun 2016 01:56
Last Modified: 16 Jun 2016 01:56
URI: http://ir.uitm.edu.my/id/eprint/14002

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