Palm oil γ-tocotrienol and α-tocopherol act as potent inducers in the immune response of mouse splenocytes in vitro / Narimah Abdul Hamid Hasani, Khalid bin Abdul Kadir and Wan Zurinah Wan Ngah

Abdul Hamid Hasani, Narimah and Abdul Kadir, Khalid and Wan Ngah, Wan Zurinah (2011) Palm oil γ-tocotrienol and α-tocopherol act as potent inducers in the immune response of mouse splenocytes in vitro / Narimah Abdul Hamid Hasani, Khalid bin Abdul Kadir and Wan Zurinah Wan Ngah. Scientific Research Journal, 8 (1). pp. 17-28. ISSN 1675-7009

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Abstract

Vitamin E may have anti carcinogenesis effect in human and animal models via the mechanism of cell cycle arrest and enhancement of immune system. The cell-mediated immune inducing properties of palm oil vitamin E, for example, γ-tocotrienol and α-tocopherol, were investigated by measuring the mitogenesis response of splenocytes, extracted from normal male Mus musculus to splenic T-lymphocytes mitogens, phytohemagglutinin (PHA; 0.25 μg/mL) and concanavalin A (Con A; 1.0 μg/mL); and B-lymphocytes mitogen i.e., lipopolysaccharide (LPS; 1.0 μg/mL). Both γ-tocotrienol and α-tocopherol enhanced the cell proliferation of mitogen untreated splenocytes as determined by 5-Bromo-2'-deoxy-uridine (BrdU) detection method. Both compounds also enhanced the T-lymphocytes response to PHA and Con A, as well as B-lymphocytes responses to LPS at all concentration used (0-300 μM). γ-Tocotrienol was observed to affect cell proliferation more than α-tocopherol. The uptake of γ-tocotrienol and α-tocopherol into the splenocytes was determined by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). γ-Tocotrienol was absorbed into the cells at markedly higher levels than α-tocopherol with the ratio of 4.8 : 1 (p<0.01, n=4) at 300 μM of treatment. This may be the reason of the higher proliferation affect of γ-tocotrienol as compared to α-tocopherol. In conclusion, we are of the opinion that palm oil γ-tocotrienol and α-tocopherol are able to synergistically influence splenocytes proliferation thus enhancing the cellmediated immune system.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Gamma-tocotrienol, α-tocopherol, splenocytes, immune response
Subjects: Q Science > QP Physiology > Animal biochemistry > Tocotrienol. Tocopherol. Vitamin E
Q Science > QR Microbiology > Immunology > Immune response
Divisions: Research Management Institute (RMI)
Depositing User: Staf Pendigitan 1
Date Deposited: 15 Oct 2015 09:32
Last Modified: 30 May 2016 02:25
URI: http://ir.uitm.edu.my/id/eprint/12942

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